The Ashgabat Agreement

India also signed a bilateral agreement with Tajikistan in 2015 to improve connectivity. Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan are already members of INSTC. India`s participation in Eurasian connectivity projects under the Ashgabat agreement will enable a more sustainable approach to the integration process within the EAEU and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The objective of this agreement is to improve connectivity within the Eurasian region and synchronize it with other transport corridors within the eurasian region, including the North-South International Corridor (INSTC). The Ashgabat Agreement is a multimodal transport agreement between the governments of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, India, Pakistan and Oman to create an international transport and transit corridor facilitating the transport of goods between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf. [1] [2] The agreement came into force in April 2016. Ashgabat in Turkmenistan is the state of filing of the agreement. [3] [4] The port of Chabahar in Iran has established a trade link between India and Afghanistan since 2017 without having to cross Pakistani territory. [13] [14] The agreement between the three countries was first signed in 2015.

[15] India recently acceded to the Ashgabat Agreement, which was launched in April 2011 to establish an international multimodal transport and transit corridor between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf. The agreement was first signed on 25 April 2011 by Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Oman and Qatar. While Qatar withdrew from the agreement in 2013, Kazakhstan and Pakistan joined the group in 2016. The Ashgabat agreement came into force in April 2016. The aim is to improve connectivity within the Eurasian region and synchronize it with other regional transport corridors, including the North-South International Corridor (INSTC). The Ashgabat International Transportation and Transit Corridor is a multimodal transport agreement between India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Oman, Pakistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. In March 2016, the Indian government applied for permission to join the agreement. The agreement was originally signed on 25 April 2011 by Iran, Oman, Qatar, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Qatar then withdrew from the agreement in 2013, the same year Kazakhstan applied for membership, which was finally approved in 2015. [6] [7] Pakistan has also joined the agreement since November 2016.

[8] [9] India officially joined in February 2018. [10] In 2016, India tabled the accession instrument with Turkmenistan and its accession to the agreement was approved by the founding members of the Ashgabat Agreement on 1 February 2018.

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