Uk France Agreement 1904

There is a concern that the treaty will be the next. If Western relations with Soviet Russia deteriorate, the staffs of the Atlantic nations will want to fully exploit the German military potential, regardless of the letter of the agreement. This can lead to the absorption and destruction of the French army (already handicapped by the high proportion of French troops deployed abroad), which may be subject to restrictions to which the Germans can evade. In other words, either the “Europe of the Six” – as expressed in E.D.C. – would disappear, or it would become an alliance where Germany was the federal power. That would be the end of the fourth act. On April 8, 1904, a series of agreements were signed between England and France, known as the Cordial Agreement. Following lengthy discussions between the two former rivals, the agreements officially marked the end of hostilities that erupted temporarily across the Channel, elucidating more immediate issues of imperial expansion and (re) distributed power in contested places, including Egypt, Morocco, Senegal and Nigeria. Historians have tended to focus on the imperial conflicts that led to the signing of the agreements, including in Egypt and Africa, as well as the legacy of the Agreement in the 20th century. The manner in which the 1904 agreements were used to formalize the more informal cordial agreement (French for “hot agreement”), which existed between England and France in the 19th century and which paved the way for the British and French to ally themselves against German aggression during the First World War. The following year, it seemed that this agreement could lead to a more general alliance, and it was with this in mind that talks were initiated by Paul Cambon, an incomparable diplomat and statesman. But these negotiations were ultimately met with opposition from Maurice Rouvier, then President of the Council. He was a friend of Gambetta, an experienced minister, a financial specialist, a virtuoso in parliamentary machination; Fearing the threats of Emperor William and Bolow, he was naturally inclined to believe that the harmonization of economic interests would achieve understanding and cooperation with Germany.

His comment to Paul Cambon was: “For God`s sake, let us get rid of this planned covenant with England!” Delcassé resigned on June 6, 1905. The Cordial Agreement has therefore remained experimental. As well as the Anglo-Russian agreement, considered by Delcassé and his friends as the crowning achievement of their diplomatic efforts, expressed in the treaty of 31 August 1907 on Persia, Afghanistan and Tibet. One of the motivating factors of the agreement was undoubtedly France`s desire to protect itself from a possible aggression by its former rival, Germany, which had gradually strengthened in the years since its victory in the Franco-German War of 1870-71 and which now had the most powerful ground army in the world. Britain also sought to contain Germany, particularly in the face of a revised and ambitious German naval programme which, if successful, threatened to call into question Britain`s clear dominance at sea. Thanks to the Cordial Agreement, Great Britain and France gave the beginnings of an alliance and, in the concluding terms of the agreement, promised to help each other in obtaining the implementation of the clauses of this declaration on Egypt and Morocco.

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