On the same day as the introduction of the Video CHOICE Act, MP Steve Scalise introduced a law for the first time in 2011: the Next Generation Television Marketplace Act. The broader legislation that CHOICE would have repealed the main provisions of the Consumer Protection and Competition act of 1992, including “mandatory use and broadcasting licensing requirements,” as well as mandatory copyright licences of 1976. Die gesetzgeberische Absicht war, dass die Bef-rderungsverhandlungen fer Rundfunksender in den gleichen Bedingungen wie die fàr non-terrestrische Kan-le abliefen. Although both bills gave little chance of passage, distributors generally welcomed and criticized them.    The international maritime community has set itself the goal of developing rules that would govern shipping. Over the years, one agreement has reached the other to such an extent that there are now several international regulations governing the transport of goods by sea. International law is part of national law and must be established and managed by the courts of the competent court. In order to avoid a comprehensive nationalisation of transport laws, contracts and conventions that would govern the transport of goods at the international level had to be developed and corrected. A transport contract is a contract between a freight or passenger carrier and the sender, recipient or passenger. Transportation contracts generally define the rights, obligations and obligations of parties that deal with matters such as the acts of God and which contain clauses such as force majeure.
Among regular airlines, they are generally occupied by standard conditions printed on the back of a ticket or transport document. Notification of the arrival of a shipment is usually sent to the “notification party” whose address appears on the shipping document. This part is usually either the buyer or importer. The cargo must be loaded at least two hours before departure. A subsequent arrival is not the reason for exercising a right with refusal of transport, even if a previous booking has been made. Any vehicle (whether it is a unit, a combined unit or a tractor), including a container, trailer, pallet or other device, is considered a piece or a transport unit. In another case, which was the subject of a decision of the 11th Civil Chamber of the Court of Cassation2 in 2017, an appeal was lodged with Turkish courts, including the security insurer, which compensated for the loss of its policyholders for goods deemed defective at the port of arrival. The carrier submitted that there is a compromise clause in the charter part, and that there is a reference to the part chartered in the B/L that was held by the policyholders; Therefore, the insured, as the holder of the B/L, is bound by the compromise clause of the charter party.